A Case Study on Federal Subpoenas and the Vital Role of Malpractice Insurance Support

In the realm of chiropractic care, maintaining meticulous records is not just a matter of organizational efficiency, but a legal imperative. A recent interaction with a chiropractor client of the ChiroFutures Malpractice Insurance Program underscores the gravity of this responsibility, especially when legal challenges such as subpoenas arise. This case study not only highlights the nuances of dealing with recordkeeping compliance issues but also emphasizes the indispensable role of a robust malpractice insurance provider in guiding practitioners through complex legal landscapes. The Dilemma: A Subpoena Without SOAP Notes The scenario involved a chiropractor who treated a patient from 2020 to 2021 for general maintenance and computer-related issues. After the patient relocated to Texas, the chiropractor received a federal subpoena requesting all medical records, billing, testing, notes, and dates of service. The complication arose from the fact that, during the period in question, the chiropractor’s practice utilized a Point of Sale (POS) software system that did not include SOAP (Subjective, Objective, Assessment, Plan) notes. Consequently, the practitioner only had access to dates of service and billing information. This predicament was further complicated by a discrepancy in the patient’s name; the records held the patient as ‘Bill,’ whereas the subpoena referred to ‘William.’ The Response: Understanding Legal Obligations and Ethical Practice Upon consulting with the ChiroFutures Malpractice Insurance Program, several key points were emphasized: 1. Legal Compliance: The chiropractor was reminded that a subpoena is a legally binding request, necessitating a response. Ignoring a subpoena or attempting to evade it on technicalities, such as name discrepancies, can have severe legal repercussions. 2. The Importance of Accurate Recordkeeping: The case highlighted the critical nature of comprehensive recordkeeping, including SOAP notes. The chiropractor acknowledged this lapse in the initial years of practice, which was later rectified with an upgrade in the POS software. 3. Creating a Narrative Summary: Given the absence of SOAP notes for the period in question, it was advised to prepare a narrative summary of the care provided. This summary should be factual, based on the available records, and should not attempt to recreate or speculate on missing documentation. 4. Ethical Considerations: The chiropractor was advised against attempting to retroactively create SOAP notes, as this would be unethical and potentially legally problematic. The integrity of medical records is paramount, and any form of backdating or falsifying records is strictly prohibited. The Role of ChiroFutures: A Safety Net in Complex Situations This scenario underscores the vital role played by malpractice insurance providers like ChiroFutures. In such instances, they serve not only as a safety net but as an invaluable resource for guidance and advice. They provide:
  • – Expert Legal Advice: Understanding the intricacies of legal requests and compliance.
  • – Risk Management Strategies: Offering solutions to mitigate risks associated with recordkeeping and legal challenges.
  • – Direct Support: Availability for direct consultation and advice in complex situations.
Conclusion: Emphasizing Preparedness and Ethical Practice

This case study is a reminder for all chiropractic practitioners about the importance of meticulous recordkeeping, not only for effective patient care but also for legal compliance. It highlights the necessity of being prepared for unforeseen legal challenges and the value of having a supportive malpractice insurance provider like ChiroFutures. Their expertise and guidance are crucial in navigating the complexities of healthcare law and ensuring ethical and compliant practice in the chiropractic field.